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EU policies
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1. Special Eurobarometer 378 – Active Ageing (2012)
Population ageing presents a number of challenges for our welfare systems and public finances. The growing number of older people is seen as a burden on the working-age population. However, this perception disregards the fact that most of the elders are in good health, have valuable skills and experience and are willing to make a significant contribution to society, a contribution from which young people can strongly benefit. Allowing people to stay active as they grow older and to keep contributing to society is key to tackling the challenge of demographic ageing. The Special Eurobarometer 378 survey on Active Ageing conducted by the TNS Opinion & Social network was commissioned by the European Commission's Directorate General for the Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion to understand European citizens’ views and attitudes towards older people, the contribution of older people to their workplace and  society, and the best method to promote an active role of older people in society. This report covers the 27 Member States and five non-EU countries. The socio-demographic analysis focuses primarily on age, gender, occupation and relative affluence. During this survey, 31,280 respondents aged 15 and above were interviewed between September and November 2011. The main themes addressed in the report are gathered in 5 chapters, as follows: (1) Overall perception of age and older people; (2) Older people in the workplace; (3) Retirement and pensions; (4) Voluntary work and support for older people; (5) Tackling the challenges of ageing. For further information about the survey and its conclusions, please access the abovementioned link.

2. Active Ageing and Solidarity Between Generations – A Statistical Portrait of the European Union (2012)
In response to the demographic challenge which all EU Member States are facing, the European Union designated 2012 as the European Year for Active Ageing and Solidarity between Generations. Eurostat is marking the European Year 2012 by presenting in this book a series of statistics on topics related to Active Ageing and Solidarity between Generations, such as demography, healthcare, pensions, volunteering and adult learning. This publication was produced in cooperation with the Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion and Eurofound, the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. The report is divided into six chapters that draw on a wide selection of official statistics, supplemented by opinion surveys and other sources. Most of the data were extracted from Eurostat’s online database that may be accessed at The first chapter provides details in relation to population ageing. The remaining chapters depict different stages and generations, as people move from the age groups in which employment is common (Chapter 2) towards retirement and receiving a pension (Chapter 3). Chapter 4 presents information about the demand for healthcare services, as well as the budgetary implications facing governments as their populations continue to age. The consumption patterns of the ‘silver economy’ are covered as a part of Chapter 5, alongside issues such as housing and living conditions. The publication closes with information regarding the active participation of older generations within society, with a particular focus on inter-generational issues. It also includes information on the leisure pursuits and social activities undertaken by older persons (Chapter 6). For further information about the statistics and the conclusions, please access the report link mentioned above.